Different types of cannabis seeds There are different types of cannabis seeds available to the cannabis grower: regular, feminized and auto-flower. The following is a brief explanation of each Everything You Need To Know About Different Types Of Cannabis Seeds Cannabis cultivation can be complicated, especially if you don’t already have commercial growing experience. There are light Growing marijuana in your own living space is often described as therapeutic. But in order to be successful, you need to know the difference between seeds & which is right for you. Learn more now!
Different types of cannabis seeds
There are different types of cannabis seeds available to the cannabis grower: regular, feminized and auto-flower. The following is a brief explanation of each type so you can determine what is best for your garden.
For tips on how to care for your clones, head over to KindGenetics.
Regular seeds are produced by crossing a male plant with a female plant and can come in either male or female.
With regular seeds, the ratio of male-to-female plants is unknown until flowering starts and the plants present their sex. While female plants produce the desired flower, regular seeds offer growers the opportunity to experience the full expression of that strain’s genetic lineage.
Feminized seeds grow into female plants that produce the desired flower or bud.
Feminized seeds are produced when a female plant produces male flowers. This is caused by introducing light at set times during the dark hours of flowering, or by spraying the flower sites of a female plant with Colloidal Silver to produce a chemical change in the plant that produces male flowers with pollen.
Pollen from “male” flowers are used to pollinate other female flowers, and because the pollen from the “male” flowers is originally from a plant that is technically female, all of the offspring produced should be female.
If you are new to growing cannabis, auto-flower seeds may be right for you. Plants will flower when they reach a certain maturity, usually ten weeks from seed, as opposed to flowering in accordance with the daily light schedules.
Auto-flower strains are crosses of modern day strains with Cannabis Ruderalis strains. Cannabis Ruderalis is the 3rd subtype of cannabis, the other two being Indica and Sativa. Cannabis Ruderalis is typically found closer to the North and South Pole, and have a very different lifespan compared to strains originating closer to the Equator.
Due to the lack of sunlight for extended periods of time at both the North and South Pole, Cannabis Ruderalis strains have developed to the point where no matter how much light is present, they will finish out their life cycle.
Everything You Need To Know About Different Types Of Cannabis Seeds
Cannabis cultivation can be complicated, especially if you don’t already have commercial growing experience. There are light cycles, humidity, watering schedules, pesticides, and harvest dates all to consider. However, the arguably most important decision takes place before ever planting.
Growing marijuana plants starts with selecting the right seeds for your operation. Choosing the wrong seeds could have disastrous results depending on a cultivator’s overall goals. Here’s a brief overview of the common types of marijuana seeds and how to use them.
How Cannabis Reproduces
First, it’s essential to understand how cannabis reproduction takes place. Cannabis is a dioecious plant, which means both male and female versions of the plant exist. When growing male and female weed plants together, male cannabis plants pollinate females, causing them to produce seeds.
In the wild, this ensures the plant propagates. However, cultivators attempting to grow potent marijuana will want to avoid pollination. The high-quality buds available in modern dispensaries are known as sensimilla, which means without seeds. These are female plants that haven’t been pollinated. By avoiding the fertilization process, sensimilla plants grow to produce more resin and, therefore, more overall cannabinoids and terpenes. If you’re growing dispensary-grade marijuana, it’s essential to remove any male plants from your crop before they have an opportunity to pollinate. One way to avoid male plants is to use feminized seeds.
What Are Feminized Cannabis Seeds?
Female plants will attempt to pollinate themselves by growing characteristically male pollen sacs if left in a flowering state for too long. Using the pollen from these hermaphroditic plants to flower other female plants is known as rodelization, and it can help eliminate the potential for male plants. A female plant pollinated from a hermaphroditic female will produce feminized seeds—seeds extremely unlikely to carry male genetics.
Another way cultivators create feminized seeds is by spraying their female plants with a chemical called colloidal silver or silver thiosulfate, which encourages the plant to develop pollen sacs.
Whether you create your own feminized seeds or purchase them from wherever you buy cannabis seeds, remember that feminization is not fool-proof. Feminized seeds may still occasionally produce male plants, so be on the lookout to ensure an overlooked male plant doesn’t pollinate your entire crop.
What Are Autoflowering Cannabis Seeds?
Most cannabis plants are photoperiod, meaning that they require specific light cycles to transition from their vegetative stage to their flowering stage. This is done either by seasonal outdoor planting (typically starting around April) or through artificial light manipulation indoors.
However, autoflowering seeds will move to their flowering stage upon maturity, regardless of the light cycle. Autoflowering seeds come from a rare strain of cannabis called cannabis ruderalis, which evolved in northern climates with long summer days. Ruderalis plants typically have lower cannabinoid percentages, so most autoflowering seeds are crossed with a conventional sativa or indica strain.
Autoflowering seeds generally produce smaller plants that have lower total yields, but for some cultivators, this is outweighed by the benefit of reliable harvest times and the ability to grow outdoors year-round.
How To Germinate Seeds
Regardless of whether a cultivator uses regular, feminized, or autoflowering seeds, cannabis seeds need to be germinated before planting.
Seed germination refers to the process by which a seed sprouts. For many plants, seeds will germinate after being planted. However, germinating cannabis seeds requires a special approach since the seeds are so fragile.
There are several ways to germinate weed seeds. The cheapest and easiest way to do this is by placing your seeds between two moist paper towels and letting them sit in a warm location for a few days. You’ll know the seed is ready once it sprouts a white tail.
What Are Cannabis Clones
Not all commercial cannabis plants come from seeds. Sometimes, cultivators can create a clone.
It starts by taking a clipping from an existing cannabis plant. Then, that plant is transplanted into new soil, where it can take root and create an entirely new plant. Plants that are grown in this method will be genetically identical to the original plant that it was clipped from. Not only does cloning plants help save money on seeds, but it also allows cultivators to replicate desirable genetic profiles more consistently.
Tips For How To Grow Marijuana
Once you’ve selected the seeds that will best fit your operation, following these four tips can help maximize yields and better your chances for a successful harvest.
The 3 Types of Cannabis Seeds You Need to Know
Growing marijuana in your own living space is often described as therapeutic. As owners are responsible for its growth, watering and monitoring plants can be relaxing. Once a successful yield is produced, recreational use of cannabis has many health benefits. ( make sure that you choose the right Boo Glass bong to go with it! *wink*)
If you plan to grow your own plants, proper research is required. Before determining your seed’s growth environment and medium, choosing it’s seed comes first. For growers, there are three different cannabis seed types available: Regular, Feminimized, and Auto-flower. But what are they, and is one more advantageous than the other? Below we’ll briefly discuss each one, so you’ll know which seeds are best for you.
Production of regular seeds occurs between a male and a female. As a result, you won’t know your plant’s gender until flowering begins. If your objective is to yield quality buds that offer cannabinoids, you’ll need to seperate the males from the females.
Segregation of genders prevents pollination (impressively spreading from 3 to 3.75 miles) and the production of seeds. Male plants are typically discarded due to being incapable of producing flowers that produce cannabinoids. Due to a lack of cannabinoids, the end product generally isn’t not worth-while to consumers.
Male plants, however, do possess other various benefits. For one, male plants produce a soft material that is useful for the production of hemp. Hemp products such as clothing, shoes, and general household products require soft and durable fiber which males provide. Male plants can also produce aromatic oils, highly beneficial in the garden for pest control.
- 100% pure as they’re not genetically altered
- Produce both genders, allowing for the creation of new seeds
- No chemical agents in regular seeds unlike feminized seeds
- Seeds can be used for other purposes such as hemp production
How to Determine Your Cannabis’s Plants Sex
Identifying a plant’s gender generally comes at around the 4-6 week mark into the growth cycle. As the plant transitions into a flower from its vegetative stage, energy is primarily used for pollination and reproduction.
When looking for sex indicators, cultivators can check between the plant’s nodes. Plant nodes are located on the stem, where the buds are. Check nodes to find the growth of small sacs or two bracts. Pollen sacs are developed on a male plant, spreading seeds and stigma for females.
Bracts are a female plant’s reproductive parts, appearing as green tear-shaped leaves.
Feminized Cannabis Seeds
As mentioned prior, for growers looking for highly concentrated forms of cannabis, female plants are ideal. Unfertilized females, instead of reproducing, will utilize their energy to produce rich cannabinoids known as Sensimilla. These resinous buds are highly concentrated forms of cannabis, typically seen in stores. Online stores today generally cater to cannabis users nationwide, such as cannabis seeds at Zamnesia .
For practical purposes that simplify things for the grower, feminized seeds are also superior. As growing and removing male plants is a non-issue, growers won’t need to grow twice as many. Not only does this save time and costs, but you’ll also be able to maximize your growing space. However, if you intend to grow new seeds, feminized seeds prevent the production of male plants.
- Female Plants produce Sensimilla, responsible for consumer-friendly weed products.
- Make the most of your growing space by germinating seeds required.
- Saves time and work on removing male plants
- No sexing is necessary, which can be challenging for first-timers
For first-timers peering through the curtain into growing cannabis, auto-flower seeds is a good choice. Once plants reach a particular stage ( usually ten weeks in ), they will begin to flower. An auto-flower seed’s growth requires only a minimal amount of sunlight to finish its life cycle. For growers, this saves time and simplifies the process. Instead of allocating several hours of daylight and darkness to their plant, they can relax and let the plant develop independently.
This seed type is a mix of modern-day strains with Cannabis Ruderalis, a species from Russia. Cannabis Ruderalis is among two other subtypes of cannabis, with the others being Indica and Sativa. As this cannabis plant is located in areas with shorter summers, ruderalis plants bloom faster with less sunlight.
This seed type is recommended to new growers, due to lower-maintenance needs and a faster growth time. Autoflowering is also renowned for its resiliency, boasting sturdy and robust genetics. So while growing in your backyard, they’ll be able to handle insect infestations and mold.
- Requires minimal daylight, easing plant scheduling for owners
- Grows at a faster pace
- A durable plant that can fend itself against typical issues seen in gardens
This gives you the basics in knowing about the 3 different types of cannabis seeds that you might choose from.