Parables of Jesus: Commentary by E-minister Warren Camp about the Weeds Parable: A story about the work of the enemy, Satan: Matthew 13:24–30, 36–43 The Parable of the Weeds – Jesus told them another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field. But while everyone What is the Meaning of the Parable of the Weeds? First century Jews lived in an agrarian culture, so it’s no wonder that a lot of Jesus’s teaching used the example of crops and farmers. In the
Jesus’ Parable of the Weeds
Today’s parable follows the Parable of the Sower, the Seed, and the Soil (Matthew13:1–23), which we covered in this summary. That parable presents how, when God (the “sower”) presents and sows his Word (the “seed”) on a variety of types of people (the “soil”), we can expect to see different results; some people will cultivate much from the growth of God’s Word in their lives, while many will be unable to see the seed take root.
Today’s parable is similar to the previous one, but only to the extent that seed had been sown. Every other element holds a different meaning and takes us to a sobering conclusion about God’s field and those who live in it. Specifically, this follow-up weeds parable (also known as the Parable of the Wheat and the Tares, and the Parable of the Weeds and the Wheat) — highlights the work of the enemy in people’s lives (“grain fields”). It’s filled with spiritual significance and truth. The first passage of this two-part parable introduces us to what Jesus has said to a crowd of followers, while the second passage provides Jesus’ clear explanation of it.
The Weeds Parable
A Story about the Work of the Enemy — Satan
Because Jesus lived in an agrarian society, it shouldn’t surprise us that his many parables use metaphors related to farming. When he told these stories to people, his audience would have resonated with words about fields, seeds, and crops. He effectively used tangible ideas to describe and illustrate the mysterious and subversive nature of the worldly kingdom. It’s in our kingdom, here in this world, that the enemy — Satan — strives to bring evil into everyone’s lives.
Jesus tells a very interesting and rather mysterious story about a wheat farmer who has an enemy — one who stealthily sows weeds in the dead of night. That alone is intriguing, but things get even more interesting when the story concludes with a rather surprising twist in terms of how the farmer reacts to the agricultural mischief of this mysterious enemy.
The story raises many questions: What does it mean? What do the weeds stand for? Who’s the enemy? And why not judge good from bad by weeding the wheat field the same way many of us weed our flower and vegetable gardens?
This parable’s point: God’s judgment. He’s to be the judge who’ll determine good from bad, true from false. It’s the Lord God, not us, who’ll make the final determination and final separation.
These twenty verses of Jesus’ parables are broken into two parts: In the first part (vv. 24–35), he tells three parables to a crowd of interested followers, including his many disciples: the Parable of the Weeds (vv. 24–30) and the brief Parables of the Mustard Seed and the Yeast (vv. 31–35). The second part of today’s passage covers Jesus’ clear explanation to his disciples of the meaning of the Parable of the Weeds (vv. 36–43). You can find each part in the following two videos.
Jesus speaks three “kingdom of heaven” parables to the crowd (Matt. 13:24–35).
Part 1 — The Presentation (vv. 24–30) presents a simple picture: One field with two sowers. In the field, one person sows good seed while the other sows weeds or “tares.” A tare is a plant that commonly grows in grain fields. Although it looks similar to edible grain, it’s not suitable as food. Many theologians feel that the tare or weed referred to in this parable is darnel, a poisonous weed that resembles wheat. Darnel that grows next to wheat stalks cannot be easily distinguished from real wheat. It’s not until harvest time when the kernels are ripe that a farmer can discern which is wheat and which is weed.
In this parable, an enemy snuck into a farmer’s field and sowed weeds — tares — among the good wheat. The roots of wheat and darnel so intertwine that they can not be separated without pulling up both. Roman law prohibited sowing darnel among the wheat of an enemy, suggesting that the scenario presented here is realistic.
Let’s follow the text’s progression: “a man sowed good seed in his field” (v. 24); “while everyone was sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and went away” (v. 25); “both grew together until the harvest” (v. 30a); “the weeds were collected and tied in bundles” (v. 30b); “the wheat was gathered and brought into my barn” (v. 30c); “weeds will be separated and thrown into blazing fire” (v. 42) while “the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father” (v. 43).
Here’s a simple summation of Jesus’ Parable of the Weeds among the Wheat: Some people believed wholeheartedly in Jesus while some didn’t believe at all. It’s not easy to know who trusted and followed Jesus. But one day, Jesus will come back to this world when he’ll separate those who fully trust him from those who don’t. The words that Jesus had said about people who didn’t believe in him or trust him are severe: “They will throw them into the blazing furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.”
He then explains the meaning of the Parable of the Weeds to his disciples (Matt. 13:36–43).
Part 2 — The Explanation (vv. 36–43) reveals to its hearers and us that the kingdom of God is mysterious. His disciples approached him in private where Jesus explained the meanings of (a) the field of the world, (b) the good seed who are the sons of the kingdom, and (c) the weed-like people who’ll face God’s final judgment. He then clarified who the two sowers of his parable were and what would happen to each, as the Part-2 video clip clearly shows.
So, Who’s Who?
Jesus, the sower of seed, has a field, defined here as the entire world. He spreads his redeemed seed, i.e., true believers, onto the world’s field. Through his grace, these Christians bear the fruit of the Spirit. When the kingdom of heaven comes to its fruition, heaven will be a reality and there will be no “weeds” among the “wheat.” But today, both good and bad seeds mature in our world.
The enemy in the parable is Satan. In opposition to Jesus Christ, the devil tries to destroy Christ’s work by placing false believers and teachers in the world to lead many astray. But we’re not to pursue such people in an effort to destroy them. Instead of requiring these false believers to be rooted out of the world, possibly hurting immature believers in the process, Christ allows them to remain until his return when angels will separate true believers from false believers.
There is a divine meaning and purpose being worked out here. God is guiding history and mankind to an end that will fulfill his purpose. This parable is showing two different works being done in the world. And it provides understanding as to why there’s evil. God plants good seed that becomes his children of his kingdom; Satan, the wicked one, plants those who are his offspring.
Because the tares and wheat look alike, it’s virtually impossible to visibly determine which is wheat and which is weed. That’s why God tells his servants to let them both grow to harvest when the difference will become apparent. Are the “sons of the wicked one” who are among them truly evil people? No. The parable tells us that they look and act similar to “the sons of the kingdom,” yet cannot be told apart.
Satan is the god of this age. He actively attempts to keep everyone deceived. And he can infiltrate the closest quarters of God’s people. Jesus’ words to this effect should serve as a warning.
Judgment in a Matter of Time — God’s Time
We learn from this parable that patience is a virtue. If the servants of the field owner had rampaged through the fields, tearing up the tares among the good wheat, the harvest would have been significantly compromised. Good growth would have been prevented from coming to maturity and bearing fruit. So it is with working in God’s spiritual field and in his church. It’s very possible to harm, even destroy, the good, when employing efforts to weed out tares.
God says to let both types grow together until the harvest — the end of the age — when Jesus Christ returns. He’ll then make a distinction, a judgment, that only he can make. The modern world doesn’t like to hear the word “judgment,” which implies that there are moral and ethical standards and laws to be followed. But God says that there will come a time of judgment that will deal with lawlessness and unrighteousness. The key is that it’s God’s judgment, not man’s. That’s a wonderful and comforting truth because God judges in perfect righteousness and in his appropriate time.
A Hearty Way to Apply This Parable Today
At the heart of this story about the weeds and the wheat, Jesus is clearly telling us that there will be a final judgment and a final separation of good people from bad. His clear revelation about the final judgment is meant to motivate us to live godly lives that would please God, stimulating us to be the kind of people God wants us to be. While such “threat of hell” motivation certainly isn’t politically correct, it’s still real.
A second theme that we ought to hear in this parable of Jesus is that only God is to judge; we human beings are not to see ourselves as the judge. It’s God’s responsibility to make the final judgment calls.
Only God knows. He’s the only one who can see inside a person and realize what lies beneath the sheen and shine of one’s life. And besides, there will be a lot of surprises on judgment day.
In this parable, Christ concludes by saying, “He who has ears to hear, let him hear.” It’ll be wise for us to hear his teaching, letting it move us in godly fear to live soundly and faithfully.
Parable Of Seeds And Weeds
24 Jesus told them another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like (A) a man who sowed good seed in his field. 25 But while everyone was sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and went away. 26 When the wheat sprouted and formed heads, then the weeds also appeared.
27 “The owner’s servants came to him and said, ‘Sir, didn’t you sow good seed in your field? Where then did the weeds come from?’
28 “‘An enemy did this,’ he replied.
“The servants asked him, ‘Do you want us to go and pull them up?’
29 “‘No,’ he answered, ‘because while you are pulling the weeds, you may uproot the wheat with them. 30 Let both grow together until the harvest. At that time I will tell the harvesters: First collect the weeds and tie them in bundles to be burned; then gather the wheat and bring it into my barn.’” (B)
The Parables of the Mustard Seed and the Yeast (C) (D)
31 He told them another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like (E) a mustard seed, (F) which a man took and planted in his field. 32 Though it is the smallest of all seeds, yet when it grows, it is the largest of garden plants and becomes a tree, so that the birds come and perch in its branches.” (G)
33 He told them still another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like (H) yeast that a woman took and mixed into about sixty pounds [a] of flour (I) until it worked all through the dough.” (J)
34 Jesus spoke all these things to the crowd in parables; he did not say anything to them without using a parable. (K) 35 So was fulfilled (L) what was spoken through the prophet:
“I will open my mouth in parables,
I will utter things hidden since the creation of the world.” [b] (M)
The Parable of the Weeds Explained
36 Then he left the crowd and went into the house. His disciples came to him and said, “Explain to us the parable (N) of the weeds in the field.”
37 He answered, “The one who sowed the good seed is the Son of Man. (O) 38 The field is the world, and the good seed stands for the people of the kingdom. The weeds are the people of the evil one, (P) 39 and the enemy who sows them is the devil. The harvest (Q) is the end of the age, (R) and the harvesters are angels. (S)
40 “As the weeds are pulled up and burned in the fire, so it will be at the end of the age. 41 The Son of Man (T) will send out his angels, (U) and they will weed out of his kingdom everything that causes sin and all who do evil. 42 They will throw them into the blazing furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. (V) 43 Then the righteous will shine like the sun (W) in the kingdom of their Father. Whoever has ears, let them hear. (X)
What is the Meaning of the Parable of the Weeds?
First century Jews lived in an agrarian culture, so it’s no wonder that a lot of Jesus’s teaching used the example of crops and farmers. In the Parable of the Sower, Jesus talks about how people respond to the gospel. In the Parable of the Tenants, He used the story of a vineyard to address the ways Israel had consistently worked against God.
In Matthew 13, Jesus tells another farm-related story:
Jesus told them another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field. But while everyone was sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and went away. When the wheat sprouted and formed heads, then the weeds also appeared.
The owner’s servants came to him and said, “Sir, didn’t you sow good seed in your field? Where then did the weeds come from?”
“An enemy did this,” he replied.
The servants asked him, “Do you want us to go and pull them up?”
“No,” he answered, “because while you are pulling the weeds, you may uproot the wheat with them. Let both grow together until the harvest. At that time I will tell the harvesters: First collect the weeds and tie them in bundles to be burned; then gather the wheat and bring it into my barn” (Matthew 13:24-30).
The specifics of this story would have made a lot more sense to Jesus’s original audience. When one farmer wanted to sabotage another, it wasn’t unheard of for them to sow bearded darnel into their wheat.
Bearded darnel is a noxious weed that mimics many of the characteristics of wheat-for a while. Before they mature, the two plants are almost identical, but as they grow, the differences become apparent in the fruit. Unfortunately, darnel is poisonous and in big enough doses will kill a person. So it’s not something a farmer wants mixed up in their harvest.
The concerned servants want to remove the darnel, but the farmer is afraid they’ll mistakenly throw out perfectly good wheat. He instructs them to leave the separation to the harvesters whose job it is to remove the darnel.
Interpreting the parable
After Jesus and the disciples leave the crowds, they ask Him to interpret the parable for them:
He answered, “The one who sowed the good seed is the Son of Man. The field is the world, and the good seed stands for the people of the kingdom. The weeds are the people of the evil one, and the enemy who sows them is the devil. The harvest is the end of the age, and the harvesters are angels.
“As the weeds are pulled up and burned in the fire, so it will be at the end of the age. The Son of Man will send out his angels, and they will weed out of his kingdom everything that causes sin and all who do evil. They will throw them into the blazing furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Whoever has ears, let them hear” (Matthew 13:37-43).
When Jesus first introduces the parable, He says, “The kingdom of heaven is like….”
To really grasp this parable, it’s helpful to understand that Jesus is describing the kingdom of God. Jesus is sowing gospel seeds throughout the world and raising up Christians. But at the same time, the enemy is in the world spreading counterfeit seed. In its immature state, it isn’t always simple to discern the differences between those that belong to the kingdom and those who do not.
The servants want to help the farmer by uprooting the imposters, but they lack the sensitivity of the angelic harvesters. It’s not the job of the servants to make judgments about what is and isn’t actual wheat. Their job is to serve the farmer as He spreads the legitimate seed.
It seems that the main point of the parable is that unlike the disciples’ expectation, the kingdom of God wouldn’t be a restored Israel. It would be a borderless kingdom where the citizens might not immediately appear much different than those in the kingdom of man. Any attempt to separate the two could do damage to God’s kingdom.
The servants should assist Jesus in planting seeds and ensuring that they grow to maturity. At the end of the age, it’s the job of the harvester to judge who is or isn’t a member of God’s kingdom.
If you’re interested in learning more about Jesus’s teaching, check out All the Parables of Jesus for a bird’s-eye view of His story-like lessons.