In their native environment, these plants can be found in thickets and woodlands throughout the eastern half of North America. The plants are hardy from USDA Zones 4 through 9. They reach heights of anywhere between 3 and 12 feet (1-4 m.), offering great focal interest when using Joe-pye weeds in the garden. In addition, the flowers have a light vanilla fragrance that becomes more intense when crushed.
Spring or fall is the most suitable time for when to plant Joe-pye weed. Due to the large size of Joe-pye weed, it makes a great background plant but also needs plenty of room to grow. In fact, they are best planted on 24 inch (61 cm.) centers as they will eventually form large clumps. When growing Joe-pye weed in the garden, group it with similar woodland plants and ornamental grasses.
What are Joe-Pye Weed Flowers?
Joe-pye weed flowers were named after a New England man that used the plant medicinally for helping people with typhus fever. In addition to its medicinal properties, both the flowers and seeds have been used in producing pink or red dye for textiles.
Growing Joe-Pye Weed
Plants die back to the ground in late fall. This dead growth can be cut back or left over winter and cut in spring.
Joe Pye weed is a fairly low-maintenance plant, and it’s quite rewarding to grow due to its notable size and fragrant blooms. It does need plenty of space to accommodate its height and spread. These plants grow naturally in sites that have somewhat moist soil, such as near streams or in drainage ditches. So keeping them well watered will generally be the most extensive part of their care. And you might have to apply fertilizer if your soil is very poor. If your Joe Pye weed becomes quite tall, it might need staking to keep it upright, especially when it’s heavy with blooms.
The plant derives its common name from Joe Pye, a Native American from New England. One academic study suggests that "Joe Pye" was the Christianized name taken by a Mohican chief named Schauquethqueat, who lived in Massachusetts from 1740 to 1785. White settlers are thought to have attached his name to a medicinal plant used by the indigenous tribe.
Leaves Are Scorched
It's rare for gardeners to have trouble getting Joe Pye weed to bloom, but the plants sometimes underperform if they don't get enough sun or if they experience extended drought conditions. And very poor soil can sometimes hinder the blooms. But generally speaking, Joe Pye weed will bloom if it gets enough light, enough water, and just a small amount of nutrition.
If you are looking for some mid-to-late season bloomers for your garden that are beloved by butterflies, you MUST consider Joe Pye Weed! This is a pollinator favorite that does great in moist to medium conditions and brings in beneficial insects.
What is Joe Pye Weed
Joe Pye Weed generally prefers moist to medium-moist soil. Many types can tolerate occasional flooding. 
Several smaller species of bird including Sparrows and Swamp Sparrows will eat the seed of Joe Pye Weed. So, it wil lserve as a food source