Surprisingly few people seem to know what sinsemilla actually is. One school of thought suggests it relates to high-quality seedless marijuana tended to with extreme levels of care. Other people believe sinsemillas are potent strains from the Southwest of the U.S. or Amsterdam in the Netherlands.
What Is Sinsemilla?
One expert likened the process to the creation of ice cream. There are lots of flavors, but ultimately, ice cream is just sugar and frozen milk. Our association with sweet items guides the selection and breeding of modern-day growers.
Sinsemilla in the Modern Era
It is now so easy to grow high-quality marijuana that users are becoming picky. High THC strains are common, so it is now a question of finding weed with the right aroma and taste. It is marijuana’s aromatic terpene compounds that are mainly responsible for their flavors and scents.
Because each of these original strains are now coming together in the budding agriculture of cannabis cultivation, breeding is occurring at an even faster rate. Many hybrids are seedless and thus can only be propagated by cloning. When a great plant is selected and named, this is the only way to create a genetically identical plant. Cloning can occur with most propagation methods such as layering, or on a mammoth scale with microscopic tissue culture of plants. By and large, most of the major strains sold today are hybrids. Those listed as I/S mean characteristics of Cannabis indica dominate and vice versa, but this is highly subjective. Some dispensaries sell live clone seedlings and seeds of named varieties for those who wish to grow at home.
Cannabis breeding is still in its infancy compared to other homegrown vegetables or herbs. Yet like vegetables, it has yet to come into the garden. Once commercial growers pick it up as a garden plant, all the breeding will pay off in easy-to-grow hybrids and traditional heirlooms from around the world, and right around the corner.
From the Hindu Kush Mountain Range of Afghanistan and Pakistan is a strain originating at 10,000 feet in elevation. It was discovered growing in village gardens where the growing season is very short. Thus, this is a valuable short season strain easily grown in mountain communities.
In Colombia, cannabis grown in the highlands for centuries was a time-honored local art. These strains are adapted to a year-round equatorial climate without defined seasons. Drug traffickers smuggled this seed in quality commercial-grade marijuana to the states. This became the most widely available seed for breeding new strains for indoor cultivation, and Colombian genes can be found in many.
Because species are known to naturally cross-pollinate in nature, virtually all pot grown today descends from one or the other. Or, in the case of hybrids, both.
These heirloom strains stabilized in the cultures of origin for reliable seed cultivation.
Cannabis was among the first plants to be improved by selection. This is the process of choosing and planting seed of the best plants to concentrate certain characteristics. Ancient farmer landrace strains are the heirloom roots of modern breeding. They are the foundation of modern strains and hybrids based on the gene pool of these two relatively different species.
These heirloom strains from India, Mexico, Morocco and Southeast Asia stabilized in the cultures of origin for reliable seed cultivation. Early breeders in 1960s America sought to obtain the most isolated seed sources from these genesis areas as stock for hybridization. The more adulterated the culture though, the more adulterated the cannabis gene pool. Today, these original plants are hard to find and treasured breeding stock, when they are found by plant hunters in the field.