When starch is made via photosynthesis in the top portions of the plant, any excess plant food is sent back down to the root system for storage. The more energy the roots have stored up, the more nutrients they can send up to the leaves to be used in photosynthesis to make more food. It’s a cycle that, when all things are going well, can lead to excessive plant growth. When the plants are properly trained (via trellising or pruning), this growth or energy can be directed towards flower and resin (trichome) production.
Healthy roots should appear bright white in color.
Mediums that are airy and retain a lot of moisture are most ideal. Soil and soilless mixtures (such as peat or sphagnum-based) are also recommended as they offer excellent “buffering” for the delicate roots, which helps prevent burn from nutrient feedings and allows them to more effectively absorb the vital minerals needed to make sugars and starches internally.
Roots use oxygen to convert stored starch to energy so make sure air can permeate. This energy is used to send nutrients up the plant, which in turn creates more starches. The circle of life begins here.
How Marijuana Roots Work
A Deep Water Culture (DWC) system produces massive root structure.
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Male: Small green sacs full of pollen will be seen on the node areas.
Female: Two pistils (the pistil contains the reproductive parts of a flower) will be growing on the buds (flowers grow above these leaves, one cluster on each side).
It can take anywhere from 4 to 8 months to grow a cannabis plant, this varies based on where you’re growing. If you have an indoor grow room, your plant has the ability to flower after only a few weeks!
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How to tell if your plant is a male or female
The quality of your plant depends on your knowledge of the cannabis growth stages and the lifecycle of your plants.
Cannabis growth is made up of a series of stages that plants undergo during their lifecycle. Each stage during the cannabis cultivation process requires its own unique demands, including different levels of light, water, and nutrients.
Cannabis Growth Timeline