Noi reglementări privind legalitatea CBD-ului în România Farmaciile din România pot vinde doar medicamente cu derivați de canabis, și nu canabis în sine… Looking for CBD Oil in Romania? Find out about it’s Legality, Where and How to buy CBD products and how to find the best CBD Oil for your needs
CBD oil is totally legal in Romania!
Romanian pharmacies can only sell drugs with cannabis derivatives, and not cannabis itself. Cannabis use in Romania is limited to standard forms of medicines such as pills, capsules and oils. Patients may not smoke it, vape it, or eat edible CBD products. Medicines should also contain less than 0.2% THC.
Romania was the tenth member state of the European Union to legalize medical marijuana. In October 2013, Romania legalized drugs containing cannabis derivatives. However, cannabis is treated in the same way as other narcotics – patients can only use cannabis products based on a prescription and only as long as these products contain less than 0.2% THC.
At the end of November 2019, the Romanian Senate adopted a bill that provides for the legalization of cannabis for medical use. The bill is currently in the Chamber of Deputies, the decisive body in this case. According to the bill, the following components of cannabis can be used for medical purposes: cannabis, cannabis resin, extracts, tinctures and also THC, its isomers and their stereochemical variants. The permissible amount of THC would be a maximum of 20%.
Meanwhile, on November 19, 2020, a new decision was made that could contribute to the evolution of CBD oil.
A EU Member State may not prohibit the marketing of cannabidiol (CBD) legally produced in another Member State when it is extracted from the cannabis sativa plant in its entirety, and not only from its fibers and seeds.
This prohibition may, however, be justified by a public health protection objective, but must not go beyond what is necessary to achieve it.
B S and C A are the former directors of a company whose business is to market and distribute an electronic cigarette with cannabidiol oil (‘CBD’), a molecule present in hemp (or cannabis sativa) and part of the cannabinoid family. In the present case, CBD was produced in the Czech Republic from hemp plants grown legally and used in their entirety, including leaves and flowers. It was later imported into France to be packaged in electronic cigarette cartridges.
Criminal proceedings have been instituted against B S and C A, since, under French law, only hemp fiber and seeds may be used commercially. Sentenced by the Correctional Court of Marseille (Marseille Correctional Court, France) to 18 months and 15 months in prison with suspension, and a fine of 10,000 euros, they appealed to the Cour d’appel d’Aix-en- Provence (Aix-en-Provence Court of Appeal, France). This court therefore raises the issue of compliance with French law with European Union law, which prohibits the marketing of CBD legally produced in another Member State when it is extracted from the cannabis sativa plant in its entirety, and not only from its fibers and seeds.
In today’s judgment, the Court states that Union law, in particular the provisions on the free movement of goods, precludes national legislation such as that at issue.
As a first step, the Court rules on the law applicable to the situation in question.
In this respect, it repeals the regulations on the common agricultural policy. Thus, those derivative texts apply only to “agricultural products” listed in Annex I to the Treaties. However, CBD, extracted from the entire cannabis sativa plant, cannot be considered an agricultural product, unlike, for example, raw hemp. It therefore does not fall within the scope of those regulations.
1 Order of 22 August 1990 on the application of Article R. 5132-86 of the Public Health Code for Cannabis (Order of 22 August 1990 implementing Article R. 5132-86 of the Public Health Code for Cannabis ) (JORF of 4 October 1990, p. 12041), as interpreted by Ministry of Justice Circular No. 2018 / F / 0069 / FD 2 of 23 July 2018, concerning the legal regime applicable to institutions proposing on sale to the public of cannabis products (coffee shops) [Circular of the Ministry of Justice of 23 July 2018 on the legal regime applicable to institutions offering for sale to the public products obtained from cannabis (coffee shops)].
2 Regulation (EU) no. Regulation (EC) No 1307/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 laying down rules on direct payments to farmers under support schemes under the common agricultural policy and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007 Council Regulation (EC) No 637/2008 and Regulation (EC) No Council Regulation (EC) No 73/2009 (OJ 2013 L 347, p. 608); Regulation (EU) no. Regulation (EC) No 1308/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 establishing a common organization of the markets in agricultural products and repealing Regulation (EEC) No 922/72, (EEC) no. 234/79, (CE) nr. 1037/2001 and (EC) no. Council Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007 (OJ 2013 L 347, p. 671).
On the other hand, the Court notes that the provisions on the free movement of goods within the Union (Articles 34 and 36 TFEU) are applicable because the CBD at issue in the main proceedings cannot be regarded as ‘narcotic’. In reaching this conclusion, the Court first recalls that drug dealers cannot rely on the application of the freedoms of movement because such a ban is prohibited in all Member States, with the exception of strictly controlled trade for medical and scientific use.
The Court further notes that, in order to define the term ‘drug’ or ‘narcotic’, Union law3 refers in particular to two United Nations conventions: the Convention on Psychotropic Substances4 and the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs5. However, CBD is not mentioned in the first and, although it is true that a literal interpretation of the second could lead to its classification as a narcotic drug as an extract of cannabis, that interpretation is contrary to the general spirit of that convention and its purpose. to protect “the physical and mental health of mankind.” The Court states that, according to the current state of scientific knowledge which, unlike tetrahydrocannabinol (commonly referred to as THC), is another cannabinoid of hemp, CBD in question has no psychotropic or adverse health effects. human.
In a second stage, the Court finds that the provisions on the free movement of goods preclude regulations such as that at issue. Thus, a ban on the marketing of CBD is a measure having equivalent effect to quantitative restrictions on imports, which is prohibited by Article 34 TFEU. The Court states, however, that such legislation may be justified by one of the grounds of general interest listed in Article 36 TFEU, such as the objective of protecting public health relied on by the French Republic, provided that such regulation is capable of achieving that objective and do not exceed what is necessary for it to be achieved. Although the latter assessment falls within the jurisdiction of the national court, the Court provides two indications in that regard. On the one hand, it states that it appears that the marketing ban does not affect synthetic CBD, which has the same properties as the CBD in question and could therefore be used as a substitute for the latter. If that were the case, it would be likely to indicate that the French legislation is not capable of achieving the objective of protecting public health in a consistent and systematic manner. On the other hand, the Court acknowledges that the French Republic is not, of course, required to prove that the dangerous property of CBD is identical to that of certain narcotics. However, the national court must assess the available scientific evidence to ensure that the actual risk to public health is not based on purely hypothetical considerations. Thus, a ban on the marketing of CBD, which is, moreover, the most restrictive obstacle to trade in products lawfully manufactured and marketed in other Member States, can be adopted only if that risk is sufficiently proven.
CBD Oil in Romania – find the best one for your needs
Legality of CBD in Romania, Where and How to Buy, Choosing the right CBD Oil
If you’re looking to find essential details about CBD Oil in Romania, you’ve arrived to the right place.
CBD is a new industry that continues to grow. But not all products are created equal and there are many low quality products on the market.
That means you have to be informed about the nuances that make a true CBD product and how to spot the right one for your needs.
Some of the most common uses of CBD oil are to treat pain, anxiety, seizures and as an anti-inflammatory. As research on CBD expands, more applications are being discovered every day.
Generally, the best option for purchasing CBD oil in Romania is not to buy the first one that comes your way.
First of all, we advise to do your own research about the traits that make a CBD oil a qualitative one and then to filter your options. That’s because even though the CBD industry is booming, it’s still unregulated.
Chances are very high, in Romania, that you’ll spend good money for a low quality CBD oil (if it has any CBD in it at all). But don’t worry, you’re safe as long as you receive proper guidelines.
This guide will answer your questions about the legality of CBD in Romania and help you make an informed decision about how and where to buy the best CBD oils and products.
Buying CBD in Romania
Let’s start with a quick overview of buying CBD in Romania.
— Cultivation of hemp with less than 0,2% THC is legal, with proper acreditations
— CBD products that don’t have THC are legal and available over the counter
— You can shop for any type of CBD product except for CBD edibles (prohibited under the Novel Food Regulation throughout Europe) and flowers (they have small amounts of THC)
— You can’t buy medical CBD via a doctor’s prescription, yet (a law regulating medical CBD / THC products is still in review, for the last 2 years)
— Unless intended for scientific or commercial use, CBD flowers with more than 0% THC are prohibited by law
CBD in Romania: Is it Legal?
CBD represents a brand new and continually changing industry. It can often be difficult to understand how CBD fits into the law as new regulations are introduced. Also, the laws can change depending on the source of your CBD oils.
In Europe, CBD is extracted from an industrial-hemp plant and it will contain less than 0,3% THC; this means that using a CBD oil doesn’t cause the high associated with marijuana.
CBD is legal in Romania but THC is a strictly regulated substance. Any amount of THC can cause you serious legal problems and that does not exclude CBD products.
This means that if you purchase a CBD oil from Switzerland (legal limit of THC is 0,3%) it could be seized by Customs authorities. And it can cause you legal issues because it has more than 0% THC.
Always make sure to check the certificate of analysis (CoA) of the CBD oil you wish to buy.
It should be publicly shown by the company or the retailer. If it doesn’t exist or the CoA seems shady, that’s a red flag.
Choose a reputable brand, which only provides top quality products. With lab tests for their composition and preferably backed up by real reviews.
How and Where to buy CBD Products in Romania – Legally
As most countries, Romania has a growing CBD market. Thanks to its friendly legal attitudes towards CBD, you can purchase CBD products in-store and online — with the exception of CBD edibles and hemp flowers.
We don’t advise that you choose the first product that comes your way. Do your own research about how to choose a quality CBD oil and what makes a cannabis oil, as the Romanian market is saturated with low quality products.
The limit for THC in hemp-derived CBD products is 0% – as THC is still a regulated substance and even a small amount can do legal issues.
Full Spectrum and Broad Spectrum products are available but make sure to check their THC levels. Many CBD brands only guarantee a minimum of 0,2 – 0,3% — which is over the legal limit for Romania. And always make sure to check the certificate of analysis of any CBD oil you may wish to buy.
Where to buy CBD oil and products in Romania
There are hundreds of products available on the market, and most of them are not what they seem.
Some companies are selling miracle drugs or oils that contain significantly less CBD than advertised.
The good news is that there are a few steps you can take to protect yourself from these shady companies and their products.
— Before making a purchase, always make sure a third-party lab has tested the company’s products — These labs double-check that the CBD content is the same as advertised and that the product is free from unwanted contaminants like heavy metals.
— Another good sign is if the company’s industrial-hemp products are certified as organic, natural, and pesticide-free — Your oils should be used to improve the quality of your health, and additional chemicals can interfere with the benefits of CBD.
This next one is super important.
— Avoid companies that make outrageous claims about the benefits of CBD — Often these claims are outright false and a good sign that the company’s products are no good.
If you follow the advice above, you are on the right track to finding a trustworthy source for your CBD needs. Also, these advices apply to any product sold online or in store. With these tips in mind, let’s take a look at your best options for purchasing CBD oil in Romania.
1. Online Shops in Romania
Buying CBD oil online is by far the most convenient way to get reliable products sent straight to your door. There are many different methods of using CBD, including oils, creams, balms, vape juice, and capsules. Even your pets can take advantage of CBD oil with products made specifically for our furry friends.
Shopping for your CBD oils online has many benefits.
— It’s easy to compare products from several companies quickly, without the need to drive around searching for local suppliers
— CBD products purchased online will usually arrive at your door within 24-48 hours
— Online suppliers generally have better deals than you might find in-stores. You can take advantage of discounts and special offers that you wouldn’t find in your local dispensaries
Lastly, you can easily verify that the company’s products are certified by a third-party laboratory, contain no unnecessary pesticides or chemicals and that they are not making outrageous claims about their products. Save yourself time and money by purchasing your CBD oil with a dependable CBD online store (if you read this, you’re in the right place).
2. Local Stores
You will likely be able to find CBD products in some vape stores, head shops, and natural health retail locations.
We don’t advise to buy any CBD product from a local store before doing your own research about that product.
Be advised, there are many shady brands of CBD oil out there. Not only in Romania, but in Europe.
With so many options to choose from, it’s essential to do your research and ensure you’re getting a quality product.
Can you legally buy CBD flowers in Romania?
Due to its similar appearance to marijuana, hemp was considered a dangerous plant for a long time. While both hemp and marijuana are cannabis plants, they differ in the cannabinoid profile they produce.
Cannabis produces over 100 cannabinoids, and the most common ones are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). THC is the primary psychoactive compound of cannabis known for producing the high associated with recreational use. Unlike THC, CBD doesn’t induce this high, and it’s mostly known for its relaxing, pain-relieving, and anti-inflammatory properties.
The primary difference between hemp and marijuana is the THC content. Hemp plants are strains of Cannabis sativa that don’t produce any more than 0.2% THC by dried weight. Marijuana plants are any Cannabis sativa plant that produces more than this 0.2% THC limit.
Any product with any THC in it is not considered legal in Romania.
So no, you can’t legally buy CBD flowers in Romania. Even though they are available for purchase.
How to choose the best CBD Oil in Romania?
Because the market for CBD products is not yet regulated, it is up to you to tell the differences between natural quality CBD oils and the lower quality ones.
As a general rule, we recommend CBD oils extracted from organic hemp, manufactured by a reputable brand. They are sure to have the certificate of analysis (CoA) for the finished product, performed by independent laboratories.
To choose the best CBD oil, in terms of cannabinoid quality (the more natural, the more qualitative), you must analyze the following:
— Extraction Method — The highest quality CBD oils are produced by supercritical extraction using CO₂. Thus, it is ensured that the finished product is free of additives or other chemicals, unlike the common extraction methods. Avoid CBD oils produced using chemicals such as propane, butane, pentane or hexane (they may contain contaminants that are dangerous to your health). Be wary of those producers that state a low price for “quality” CBD.
— Made from Organically Grown Hemp — For quality and safety, the hemp from which CBD is extracted has to be grown by certified farmers. They are required by law to periodically test their soil to determine if it is contaminated with harmful substances. The product itself must be tested by an accredited independent laboratory, with a transparent CoA at your disposal. This will ensure that the CBD oil does not contain pesticides, heavy metals, bacteria, fungi, solvent residues or other toxic substances.
— Certified amount of CBD — A reputable company will tell you how much CBD you will receive in each bottle. Look for the CBD concentration but also for the number of milligrams of CBD in the bottle. A higher mg number will mean that the product is stronger. Also, check the certificate of analysis to see that the concentration is officially certified.
— Full / Broad Spectrum CBD Oil — These types of CBD oils wii provide you with more than just CBD. They are much more effective than those obtained using CBD isolate. The idea of CBD isolate sounds good – it’s just pure CBD – but it’s usually made using cheap raw materials. A CBD isolate will lack the other terpenes, flavonoids and cannabinoids, which work synergistically together to make their individual properties more efficient (Entourage Effect).
— 0% THC Percentage — CBD oils produced from hemp may contain THC, usually below the legal limit of 0.2% or even less, too little to feel the psychoactive effects of THC. However, sub-standard processing can increase THC levels to a percentage that can create a psychoactive effect, uncomfortable for some. Not only is this a sign of a low quality product but it will also make the oil illegal. It is very important to check the laboratory tests before choosing a CBD oil.
— The price is not too good to be true — A high quality CBD oil is not easily produced, which is reflected in the price of the finished product. Therefore, when the price is low, it is an indication that it was obtained from inferior raw materials, contaminated or that it does not contain too much or not at all CBD. However, you do not have to buy the most expensive product on the market to be safe. Look for a reasonable price combined with real positive reviews from customers.
— Without speculative medical statements — Scientific and medical research but also the real experiences of many people around the globe clearly show that CBD is a remarkable natural compound. But, nevertheless, it isn’t approved as a medical treatment in any country. This means that they fall into the same category as food supplements and no company can claim to treat or cure any medical condition. If you have found a CBD oil that comes with claims that are too good to be true, that’s a red flag.
— It has a valid certificate of analysis (CoA) — Before buying any CBD oil, make sure to double check its laboratory tests. The manufacturing company or the resale site should have them available to anyone, simple and transparent. A reputable CBD product company will make the results public. If you can’t find something like this, it’s time to ask yourself some questions. Reputable companies, with good consistently results, will make lab analysis reports easy to find. The report of the laboratory analysis of CBD oil is very important, because it will specify the concentration of existing CBD, that of THC, but also of other ingredients of the product. If you do not find this information, it is a sign that the products are of inferior quality, potentially harmful.
Key Conclusions – Choosing the right CBD product in Romania
Buying CBD is legal in Romania, as long as the product has 0% THC content. By law, possession of any amount of THC can be punishable with prison. CBD doesn’t fall in the same category, being completely legal. You can buy any CBD product in Romania, as long as it doesn’t have any THC in it. Don’t import prohibited CBD products, Customs may seize your package.
If shopping online, look for high quality CBD products (always check the certificate of analysis).
Choose only reputable brands of CBD oils and make sure to make the difference between low and high quality CBD. The highest quality is the natural one. And a high quality CBD oil can save you a lot of hassle and money in the long run. Choose online shopping for the more affordable prices, a larger selection of products, and the ability to read reviews of CBD products and brands before you make an order.
Before you commit to any retailer, look for the company’s hemp and CBD source and independent lab analysis to make sure they’re selling you a high-quality product. If you are using Google Chrome as a browser, make sure to translate our website into any language and read our informational articles about CBD.
And if you wish to talk to us about our products or CBD in generally, you can contact us anytime, via an e-mail .
Did you know that.
Romania has a rich history of using hemp and “medical marijuana”.
In 480 BCE, Herodotus noted that the dacians used cannabis for rituals by their priests, also called kapnobatai. The translation for ” kapnobatai ” is “those who walk on/in smoke/clouds”.
Also, cannabis was used to heal wounds and burns, while Dacian women were highly skilled in using hemp to produce clothes. In some Romanian regions, the traditional ways of growing and processing hemp within the household have remained unchanged to this day.
A traditional recipe in some parts of Moldova, “turta cu julfa” is actually a tasty dessert made with hemp.
In 1989 (before the revolution that toppled the comunist regime), Romania was Europe’s biggest hemp producer (with 45,000 HA cultivated, roughly 56-70% of the entire European production and 4th producer worldwide). In 2018, Romania’s hemp planted area reached 1,454 HA.