Growing cannabis clones has both its advantages and disadvantages. The best method depends on your personal preferences, needs, and plant growing skills. Cannabis Seeds VS Clones: Which gives more yield? Which is better for outdoor grows? Learn the pros and cons of seeds and clones. When starting a cannabis garden, you have two options: start with seeds or start with clones. Both have their advantages and disadvantages, so ultimately…
Differences of Cannabis Clones versus Seeds
If you are planning to grow your own cannabis, whether it’s one plant or many, there are two main ways to start the plants. This can be done either by seed or by cloning. Both have their advantages and disadvantages.
The technique you use to grow your marijuana can depend on several factors. One consideration is what your end goal is. Are you looking to produce an abundant crop to be harvested and sold or enough for you and your friends to enjoy? Your skill level at growing plants should also be considered, especially if you are going to be marketing your harvest.
The best way to decide which technique is right for you is by first knowing the differences in cannabis clones versus the seeds.
What are Plant Clones?
Clones are grown from a central plant and are genetically identical to their parent. They are created by taking a cutting from the parent plant. This is usually a piece about several inches long from a healthy branch. That piece of limb, or cutting, is then allowed to grow roots. This is often done by placing the cutting in water until sufficient roots are grown and the plant can be put into a pot with soil or placed in the ground.
The best clones are the ones created from a healthy mother plant. The plant should be fast growing with a strong, and robust root system. It should also generate abundant harvests that are known to produce high-quality buds.
Growing Cannabis from Clones
Growing cannabis from clones instead of seeds is done for several reasons. It’s a quicker method of cultivation. The cannabis clone is already germinated and just needs to take root. Growing a plant fast also means economical. Less time spent waiting for the plant to mature means a quicker harvest, and if you are a seller this equates to the faster a product can be marketed.
With a clone, you also have an excellent idea of what the mature plant will turn out like. They are predictable in the quality of the buds they will produce. This is a good thing when it comes time to harvest. You know what kind of cannabis product you will be getting. Another benefit of growing cannabis from clones is if the parent plant has pest resistant qualities so will the clone. A plant resistant to bugs makes for a stronger plant and a better marijuana harvest.
On the other hand, cloning a plant does have a few drawbacks. Plants grown from seeds have the ability to adapt to changes in their environment, and so does each future generation of the plant. This adaptability helps the lineage of the plant be strong enough to grow in different environmental conditions. A cloned plant is exactly the same genetically as its parent and can’t change its own genetics to adapt to a changing environment.
Also, coned plants generally produce a smaller harvest than one grown from a seedling. The clone tends to be a much weaker plant, with a root system that doesn’t grow as strong and deep as the seedling’s does. Another issue may be the parent of the clone may not have had bug and pest resistant qualities in its genetic makeup. This can make the cloned plant susceptible to damaging infestations.
Growing Cannabis from Seeds
There are two types of seed strains, stable and unstable. As the name states, a stable seed strain lineage always has the same qualities. The grower or breeder will start with both a male and female plant and breed them until the specific desired qualities are stabilized in the plant. The new plants in the breed’s lineage will have most of the same desired traits, along with a few genetic variations.
An unstable seed strain often produces plants more quickly, but there is no consistency in their traits and quality of their harvests. The plants that do grow are not a reputable strain. Most cannabis dispensaries won’t buy products from plants grown from unstable seed strains.
Cannabis plants grown from stable seed strains are a much healthier plant than ones grown from clones. The seedling has a much stronger root system, starting with a taproot. This is a root that grows vertically downward for a considerable distance away from the seed. It forms a strong anchor that is able to reach rich nutrients deep in the soil. A robust, healthy plant creates a more significant yield of the product. With cannabis seeds, you also have a much greater variety of plants to choose from.
The disadvantages of growing from a cannabis seed include not knowing the specific qualities of the plant until it reaches maturity. Growing a plant from seed takes more time to cultivate. Seeds are very delicate in their early stages of growth and need more skill to grow. When growing a plant from seed, you won’t know if it’s male or female until it’s fully grown.
A female plant grows the flowers or buds, and a male plant creates the seeds. The female is the plant you want for harvesting your marijuana product.
Which are better for Starters?
Whether starting a plant from a seed or a clone is the better method, depends on several factors. The skill of the grower is essential. Seeds take more time, patience, and a bit more know-how than growing from a clone. For a newbie to gardening, growing a cannabis plant from a clone is the better option. If you do have some advanced gardening skills but just started to learn how to grow cannabis, growing the plant from a clone may still be the way to go…at least until you understand the unique techniques needed in the marijuana plants growing process.
Growing cannabis either from a seed or a clone has both its advantages and disadvantages. The best method depends on your personal preferences, needs, and plant growing skills. Either way, with some time, patience, sun, and water you can have your own cannabis plant or rows of plants in no time at all!
Cannabis Seeds VS Clones
Cannabis seeds VS Clones; a comparison that will allow us to see both the best and the worst of each growing method. Both of these methods have pros and cons, just like everything else in the world of cannabis; depending on the result you’re looking for you should plant either seeds or clones.
Cannabis seeds are obviously the most comfortable and easiest way to gain access to cannabis plants, and you can pick them based on flavors, effects, flowering times, sizes… there are hundreds and hundreds of different strains and seed banks. You can make your own clones from whichever plant you’d like, but people tend to buy them; the cheaper the better. When you buy clones you can’t be sure that all of them are the same strain, if they’ve rooted correctly, if they’ve been infected with fungi or insects; this basically means that buying clones is a risk that many people aren’t willing to take as they can come with infestations that can then move into your grow and screw up entire generations of plants.
When planting from seeds you can save yourself the trouble involved with all of those issues, and if one of them appears such as insects at least you’ll know where it came from and that you didn’t manage to buy it from someone. If you don’t buy clones and want to make your own, you’ll need to maintain a mother plant for quite a while which isn’t that easy.
Another big difference between growing from seeds and growing from clones is the yield that you’ll obtain once harvest time rolls around. When planting clones you know that you’re going to get more or less the same yield, appearance, flavor, aroma and potency, so it’s extremely easy to get large quantities of identical bud, like 2 kilos of the same weed for example.
If you’re growing from seeds then you will find various phenotypes within the exact same seed strain; some will be better than others, some will need more food and some will give a higher yield than others. You won’t have a balanced grow as if it were done with clones, but for many people that grow their own seeds variety is what they’re looking for. You could say that growing clones is for gourmet smokers that only like that exact strain with that exact phenotype; seeds are for growers who just want to have their own gear and like to have a varied supply and more quantity.
Clones don’t have main roots, rather than many lateral roots that act like a secondary root. These roots feed quite nicely but it’s a bit harder for them to get deeper into the substrate. This means that your clones will never have strong trunks and branches, meaning they can’t really deal with much weight. You’ll need to grow them in 12/12 right after planting them in flowerpots to flower as many as possible in as little space as possible, allowing for a decent yield. If you grow them bigger then you’ll actually end up with less of a yield. From a 600w light you can get around 350g of weed, whereas by using seeds you can get 500g in the same conditions.
Cannabis seeds grow a main root when germinated, which will grow to the bottom of the pot and then grow hundreds of secondary lateral roots out to the sides. That root will then be the plant’s main trunk, which will be thick and strong; much more so than a clone. This also makes for thicker and heavier buds than on any clone simply because of the extra weight the plant is capable of dealing with.
There are so many differences between clones and seeds; if you get clones and they’re not yours or from a trustworthy source, then I wouldn’t recommend having them in your grow. Seeds are much safer for growers just looking to smoke their own stash; there’s much more variety and yield, whereas clones can be hard to come by and aren’t always safe.
Clones are a natural reproduction process, just like seeds, and it began getting popular due to the fact that there were no feminized seeds available and if you wanted to plant indoors it was the best way to make sure they were all female plants. Nowadays you can find many strains, in fact all strains, in feminized versions, so you don’t need to plant clones anymore to be sure they’re all female.
Indoors you can grow both ways without many issues, but when it comes to planting outdoors we run into an issue. If you bring your clones outside they’ll have much less light than what you had accustomed them to and they’ll begin flowering. You can only bring clones outdoors to flower so you’ll have to plant early or reveg them, or take them out during the summer and allow them to flower in lots of teeny plants.
So, seeds will always give you more of a yield; the buds will be bigger and heavier, and you’ll have more of a variety of flavors and effects. For smokers that prefer to find a perfect strain and keep it forever, then obviously growing from clones is what you should do; you can get large quantities of the same weed in every harvest, but you’ll get a good 30% less than if you had planted seeds.
If you’re growing for yourself then we recommend planting from seeds, but if you’re a commercial producer then clones are the way to go, guaranteeing top quality and balanced product.
Growing with Seeds vs. Clones
When starting a cannabis garden, you have two options: start with seeds or start with clones. Both have their advantages and disadvantages, so ultimately, it comes down to a grower’s personal preference, experience, and confidence to know which is the right choice.
Let’s talk the pros and cons of growing cannabis from seeds versus clones.
The pros and cons of growing cannabis from seeds
Like everything in life, there’s some pros and cons of starting cannabis from seeds.
The pros of growing cannabis from seeds:
- Seeds are always uncontaminated
- Seeds grow taproots
- Seeds allow you to phenohunt
The biggest advantage of using seeds is that you can obtain them from an infinite number of online sources. Additionally, fresh seeds haven’t been introduced to the environment, so they are completely free of pests and disease.
A tap root is the plant’s main root that grows straight down from a germinated seed. Essentially, they’re the backbone of the plant. Seeds grow sturdier taproots than clones that do not grow taproots at all. This allows for a greater yield in the long run.
Each seed produces a different representation of its genetics. These are called phenotypes. Growing from seeds allows the grower’s choice of which variation is the best. This is called “pheno hunting.”
The cons of growing cannabis from seeds:
- Seeds cost money
- Your seeds might not germinate
- Seeds require a longer growth period
On the flip side, seeds cost money to keep buying versus clones that start free from a live plant. Additional limits of seeds is that they don’t always germinate or produce female plants. That means if you buy 10 seeds, probably half will be male, and you’ll have to grow and watch the plants carefully to get the males out of your garden ASAP. Lastly, growing has a longer growth period because you must go through both the germination and seedling stages.
The pros and cons of growing cannabis from clones
Growing cannabis from clones has its pros and cons too.
The pros of growing cannabis from clones:
- The plants are always female
- Faster growth process
- You don’t have to pheno hunt
- Clones are less expensive
The main advantage of growing cannabis from clones is that they are guaranteed to be females. You don’t have to watch for males sprouting, and additionally, you don’t have to go through the seedling stages, which makes for a much faster harvest timeline. Another advantage of clones is that you don’t have to pheno hunt. With a perfect mother, you can keep producing that exact expression of the strain without variation. Lastly, clones are less expensive because you just need a cutting of the mother plant versus needing to buy seeds from a dispensary or seed bank.
The cons of growing cannabis from clones:
- Illegal to buy online
- Vulnerable to environmental stressors
- Lower yields
Conversely, there are some disadvantages to growing from clones. For one, it’s illegal to buy clones online so that limits you to whatever genetics the dispensary or a friend has. Additionally, the lack of a taproot makes clones weaker and more vulnerable to environmental pests and sickness. This is why clones are best left to experienced growers that know how to manage their volatility. If your cuttings are sick, so will be the flowers your plant’s grow (or don’t grow). Lastly, clones lacking a taproot also leads to a smaller plant with lower yields.
How to select healthy cannabis clones
If you go the clones route, it’s imperative that you select healthy clones to work with. This mostly comes down to an eye test. A few things to look for are strong, white roots in the bottom of them. Brown roots signify a weak plant that may be on its way to the afterlife. Additionally, take a close look at the plant’s coloring. If it’s yellow, the clone may be sick and frail; or if it has white spots that signify pests like spider mites, this is a clone you shouldn’t introduce to your garden.
Tips of germinating cannabis seeds
If you choose the seeds route, the paper towel method is your best best for getting those seeds to pop. Fold a paper towel in half, then put the seeds between it. Spray the top with water and then put them in a freezer bag, or between two plates. Then sit the bag/plates in a dark cabinet for a couple of days, and after a while, those seeds should pop out with a baby taproot.
Tips for getting seedlings transplanted into soil
Seedlings are extremely fragile and prone to damage, so handle them with care when transplanting into soil. The most important part of transplanting seedlings into soil is to space them out so the plants’ roots can have enough room to stretch. This avoids them becoming tangled up, otherwise known as rootbound.
When transplanting seedlings into soil, make sure to wash your hands and wear gloves so your dirty mitts don’t stress the plant, otherwise known as transplant shock. Spraying the seedlings with a sprinkle of water during the process, or watering them one or two days before, will also minimize transplant shock. Once you move those seedlings into the ground or containers, lightly pack the soil, fully water the plant, and pat yourself on the back.